EVTANAZIA AS A FORM OF IMPLEMENTATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS TO DEATH IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION: ETHICAL AND LEGAL ASPECTS

М. Э. Гурылева (M.E.Guryleva), Г. М. Хамитова (G.M.Khamitova)

Abstract


DOI 10.19163/2070-1586-2019-1(23)-39-42

Euthanasia is a procedure for stopping the life of a person experiencing pain and suffering. Attitude towards it depends on cultural, religious, ethical values. In connection with the problems that arise in all continents, the discussion of legal and ethical problems that are relevant to all mankind.

The article deals with the problem of euthanasia, as a form of realization of the human right to death. The authors study the problems of population aging, statistics of growth in the number of patients with cancer, severe forms of incurable pathology, accompanied by the suffering of patients, a significant deterioration in their quality of life, and uncontrollable pain syndrome. The authors raise the question of the realization of the patient’s right to a dignified end to life and suggest holding a nationwide discussion on the possibility of resolving euthanasia in our country.

The article analyzes the current legislation of the Russian Federation on the problem of a decent death, in particular, the ratio of such regulations as the constitutional right to life and the legislative ban on euthanasia.  The authors conclude on the need to develop a special legal act regulating the procedure for conducting this procedure in the Russian Federation. The article contains the principles and conditions for conducting euthanasia, which should be enshrined in law with a positive decision of the issue. The experience of the Netherlands, Switzerland and Germany is given as an example.

Keywords: euthanasia; the right to die; the legalization of euthanasia.

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