ISLAM, ETHICS AND BIOETHICS

Г. С. Табатадзе (G.S. Tabatadze), О. Ю. Голицына (O.Yu.Golitsyna)

Abstract


DOI 10.19163/2070-1586-2019-1(23)-19-24

The article discusses the influence of Sharia, as mandatory rules of behavior of Muslims, on ethical and bioethical norms of life. Based on the sources of Islam, the Koran and the Sunnah, rather than their various interpretations, the article deals with a number of problems of medical bioethics. It is noted that, despite the influence of modern biomedical technologies on modern world cultures, their moral and ethical comprehension is the least in Islam. All of these issues are considered solely on the basis of the provisions of the Koran and the Sunnah. From the various ethical positions that contain the Qur'an and the Sunnah, it can be concluded that the physician, as a true Muslim, must demonstrate the qualities prescribed by Islam to the individual. It is shown that discussions in Islamic countries in a number of areas of modern bioethics do not conflict with the sources of Islam. It is concluded that in the Islamic world the norms of medical bioethics are determined by religious beliefs, which are the dominant of all social life.

Keywords:sharia, ethics, medical bioethics, Islam, justice, good, evil, humanism.


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