BIOETHICAL CONTENT OF CURRENT STUDIES OF PROFESSIOGENESIS IN MEDICINE

A. D. Donika (Доника А.Д.), E. V. Chernyshkova (Чернышкова Е.В.), E. A. Andriyanova (Андриянова Е.А.)

Abstract


Current studies of professionalization in medicine address socio-psychological determinants of professional growth in the context of personal socialization. Personalized and stratified medicine has led to the advent of biotechnology, a rapidly growing, interdisciplinary field that is used to treat socially important diseases. As a result, international ethical conflicts emerge. Therefore, current research into professionalization in medicine focuses on bioethical implications. The current review provides an overview of available studies in social medicine that showed that the Russian methodology is based on the conventional conceptualization of the profession and uses a European approach to studying the concepts of profession and professionalism, professional identity, a career path, professional training and cultural competence. This article clarifies such socially important phenomena of professionalization of health care as reproducibility in research, socially oriented management in medicine, professional deformation and deprofessionalization. The results of the study revealed that there is a negative tendency towards social deprivation of health care professionals in biomedical sciences and there is a growing interest in bioethical aspects of professionalization in medicine.

Key words: bioethics, ethical values, professional development, professional group, medical specialists, medical sciences, deprofessionalization.


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©  Bioethics, 2014